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عربی - سخنان حضرت حجت الاسلام و المسلمین رفیعی در برنامه سمت خدا مورخ 16 اسفند 1388

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سخنان حضرت حجت الاسلام و المسلمین رفیعی در برنامه سمت خدا مورخ 16 اسفند 1388

نویسنده : مهرداد یاسمی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 31 خرداد 1394-11:39 ق.ظ

سوال - اگر کسی مشروب خورده باشد آیا درست است که تا چهل روز نباید نماز بخواند چون خداوند نماز او را قبول نمی کند ؟

گاهی در روایات برای فهماندن قبح گناهانی که ما مرتکب می شویم یک تشبیهی بکار رفته است . قرآن وقتی می خواهد انفاق را توضیح بدهد چند جور تشبیه برای آن می گوید ، مانند کسی که دانه ای در زمین می افشاند این دانه چند خوشه می دهد . در روایات هم گاهی برای قبح یک عمل تشبیهاتی شده مثلا می گوید الغیبة اشد من الزنا این نمی خواهد قبح زنا را پایین بیاورد ، مثلاً فرد بگوید خوب غیبت بدتر از زنا است ما این را مرتکب نمی شویم و بجای آن مرتکب فحشا می شویم. یا همان که شما اشاره کردید ، کسی که شراب می خورد تا چهل روز نماز او قبول نمی شود ، طرف می گوید که ما دیشب جایی گیر افتادیم شراب خوردیم خوب حالا تا چهل روز از نماز معاف هستیم چون قبول نمی شود. این مثل آن است که استاد به دانشجو بگوید : نمره ی شما صفر است به کلاس هم بیایی نمره صفر به تو می دهم ، کدام دانشجوی عاقلی می رود سر کلاس و می گوید من بیایم یا نیایم این استاد به من صفر می دهد ؟ این روایات می خواهد قبح قضیه را نشان دهد ، نمی خواهد بگوید نماز پذیرفته نیست ، بله ما در قرآن داریم که در حال مستی نماز نخوانید انتم سکارا . اتفاقاً یک زمانی کسی به نماز ایستاد و گفت قل یا ایها الکافرون اعبد ما تعبدون مست بود و شعور او کار نمی کرد، به جای لا اعبد گفت اعبد . حالا اگر عزیزی مرتکب این گناه شده اولاً توصیه ی ما این است که مرتکب این گناه نشوید ، شراب خواری حرام است ، خوردن شراب باعث می شود انسان از خدا دور شود ، از معنویت بماند . شما در دعای کمیل دارید الهم اغفرلی الذنب التی تحبس الاثم خدایا آن گناهی که ستر را از بین می برد و باعث می شود پرده ها دریده شود ببخش . در روایت داریم : گناهانی که پرده ها را می درد و باعث آبروریزی انسان می شود یکی قمار است ، یکی لهو و شوخی های بیخود است و یکی هم شراب خواری است . شراب خواری گناه بسیار بزرگی است اما اگر کسی به هر دلیلی مرتکب این کار شده ، باید نماز خود را بخواند و سعی کند که دیگر شراب نخورد . گفته اند نماز قبول نمی شود ، نگفته اند که صحیح نیست ، یعنی این نماز در واقع آن شرایط کاملی را که باید داشته باشد را ندارد . ما در روایت داریم اگر زنی نماز بخواند اما بد دهان باشد نماز او قبول نیست ، کما اینکه روایت داریم همسایه ی مسجد اگر نماز را در خانه بخواند نماز او پذیرفته نیست ، این یعنی اگر در خانه بخواند آن فضیلت را ندارد . پس شراب خواری که گفته اند چهل روز نماز قبول نیست کنایه از قبح این گناه است که امیدواریم هیچ کسی مرتکب آن نشود . یک کسی در مدینه گناه می کرد ، نماز هم می خواند . به پیامبر گفتند که این آقا که پشت سر شما نماز می خواند گناه هم می کند ، فرمود: غصه نخورید بالاخره گناه را کنار می گذارد ، گفتند چرا یا رسول الهخ ؟ فرمود ان الصلاة تنهی عن الفحشاء و المنکر نماز بر فحشاء و منکر بالاخره غلبه می کند ، نماز خوان اگر گناه هم بکند بالاخره نماز بر گناه او غلبه می کند .


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